Agricultural machinery

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Contemporary agricultural machinery makes it possible to carry out the complete range of tasks easily, providing at the same time maximal mechanization. This decreases unit costs and accelerates the production process.

Agricultural machinery can be divided into the following categories on the grounds of intended purposes: there are soil cultivation vehicles (such as combine harvesters, tractors, ploughs, etc), farm machinery and harvesting machinery.

Most of the agricultural tasks are carried out by tractors. A tractor’s advantages are its mobility, the availability of power shaft intended for attachments and a drawbar hitch for semi-trailers and standard trailers transportation. A bulldozer attachment can be installed into the front part of the vehicle. Medium-duty 100 HP and less compact tractors have become the most popular models. This can be explained by limited space at farms, on the forest roads and gardens.

Among towing equipment it’s possible to mark out:

  • Ploughs and harrows, used for mechanical soil processing
  • Seeders and fertilizer and pesticide spreaders
  • Harvesting and post-harvest machinery (for instance, mowers and haymakers)
    • Combine harvesters and balers are included into the category of self-moving harvesting machinery. A contemporary combine harvester is a high-technology agricultural vehicle with a close and air conditioned cab. The control board located inside the cab makes it possible to read out and to record breakdowns of any of the functional elements. TA harvester thresher is valued for the high level of grain filtration and grain loss minimization.

      An actuating gear for suspended equipment is one of the most essential elements of all kinds of agricultural machinery. Power is transmitted through hydraulic hoses under high pressure, as a rule. The speed of response and reliability are the main characteristics of them.

      John Deere, Case, Claas, Deutz, Fendt and New Holland are the world market leaders.